AP Government Degree Colleges Librarians Exam pattern and Syllabus

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AP Government Degree Colleges Librarians Exam pattern and Syllabus

General Studies &
Mental Ability
150 Marks 150 Questions
Library & Information
300 Marks 150 Questions
 50 Mark


1. General Science – Contemporary developments in Science and Technology and their implications including matters of every day observation and experience, as may be expected of a well-educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific discipline.
2. Current events of national and international importance.
3. History of India – emphasis will be on broad general understanding of the subject in its social, economic, cultural and political aspects with a focus on AP Indian National Movement.
4. World Geography and Geography of India with a focus on AP.
5. Indian polity and Economy – including the country’s political system- rural development – Planning and economic reforms in India.
6. Mental ability reasoning and inferences


  • Philosophy and Ethics of Librarianship. Ancient and Modern Libraries.
    Library as a Social Institution: Functions of the Library. Role of the Library in Formal and Informal Education. User Studies and User Education.
  • Professional Education and Librarianship. Library Education in India.
  • Five Laws of Library Science.
    Types of Libraries : National, Public, Academic, and Special. National Library, Kolkata;
    National Science Library; State Central Library.
  • Library Movement in India. Library Movement in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Library Cooperation / Resource sharing: Resource sharing programmes.
    Library Consortia in India.
  • Professional Associations: IFLA, ALA, ILA, IASLIC, IATLIS, APLA, ALSD: Objectives,
    Functions, Activities.
    Organizations: NASSDOC, DESIDOC, UNESCO, NISCAIR — Objectives, Programmes
    and activities.
  • Legislation – Need, Purpose and Advantages.
    Library Legislation in India. Detailed Study of A. P. Public Library Act. Overview of Library Acts in India.
  • Intellectual Property Rights(IPR). Copyright Act.
  • Delivery of Books Act. UNESCO Public Library Manifesto.
  • Nature of Information:
    a.  Data, Information & Knowledge.
    b. Information : Nature, Types, Characteristics, Properties, Use and Value.
    c. Information Explosion.
    d. Information Society.
    e. Information Science.
    f. Information Industry.
  • Information Communication:
    a. Information Cycle.
    b. Types of Communication, Communication Models (Theories).
    c. Scientific Communication.
    d. Formal and Informal Channels of Communication.
    e. Barriers of Communication of Information.
    f. Information Literacy
  • Economics of Information:
    a. Information needs. Information Seeking Behaviour.
    b. Marketing of Information.
  • Knowledge Management & Digital Library:
    a. Knowledge Management.
    b. Document Management.
    c. Content Management.
    d. Digital libraries; Institutional Repositories.
    e. e-learning.
    f. Virtual Library.
  • Informetrics:
    a. Citation: Citation Analysis.
    b. Librametry, Bibliometrics and Scientometrics, Webometrics.
    c. Bibliometric Laws. Zipf’s Law, Bradford’s Law, Lotka’s Law.


Library Classification – Meaning, Need and purpose of classification.
Normative Principles.
Five Laws of Library Science.
Formation, Structure and Development of Subjects:
Brief study of major schemes viz: Decimal Classification (DC); Universal Decimal
Classification (UDC).
General Theory of Classification. Ranganathan’s contribution.
Main Class – Canonical Class and Basic Class.
Five Fundamental Categories : PMEST.
Isolates — — Common Isolates – Kinds of Common Isolates, Special Isolates, Auxiliary Schedules.
Principles of Helpful Sequence
Notation: Types
Canons for Classification
Call Number — Class Number, Book Number – Types of Book Numbers, Collection Number.


Library Catalogue: Objectives and functions.
Types of Library Catalogues: Physical and Inner Forms
Different Types of Catalogue Entries and their Functions
Subject Cataloguing: Lists of Subject Headings – LCSH and SLSH
Centralised Cataloguing:
Union Catalogues: Definition, use and functions.
OPAC. Web Based Catalogues.
Use of Internet in Cataloguing.
OCLC and WorldCat.
Standardization in Cataloguing.
Standards — ISBD (M), ISBD (S) and ISBD (G).
Filing and Arrangement of Catalogue Entries.


Functions and Principles of Management and their applications in Libraries. Scientific
Routine & workflow in different libraries / sections. Principles and theories of book selection.
Selection and Acquisition. Book Selection Tools.
Online Bookshops.
Technical Processing – Classification & Cataloguing.
Open Access Vs Closed Access. Principles of Stacking.
Circulation: Charging and discharging methods; Day-Book System, Ledger System, Browne System, Newark System, etc.
Library Buildings – Planning.
Reference & Information Services.
Serials Management. Methods of Recording. Problems in Serials Acquisition.
Methods of Stock verification.
Types of Library Records.
Library Statistics : Purpose and Types.
Types of Library Committees and their Functions.
Library Rules & Regulations.
Public Relations. Publicity & Extension Activities.
Schools of management. Management Styles.
Planning Library and Information Centres: Planning process,
SWOT Analysis.
Performance Evaluation of Library and Information Centres.
Management Information Systems (MIS).
Project Management, Organisational Planning.
Gantt Charts. PERT / CPM.
Management by Objectives: (MbO):
Decision making: Decision Process.
Delegation of Authority:
Authority, Responsibility and Accountability – Guidelines and barriers.
Human Resource Management:
H R Planning, staffing, job analysis, job description, job evaluation, staff recruitment;
selection, training and development. Inter personal relations.
Motivation : Concept, Theories.
Management of Change: Impact, Strategies, Organisation Culture.
Financial Management:
Resource Mobilisation.
Budgeting Methods: PPBS and Zero-based. Budgetary Control.
Cost Effectiveness and Cost Benefit Analysis.
Cost Accounting: Concept and Use.
Quality Management:
Application in LICs. Quality Audit, Customer Satisfaction Vs Quality Management.
ISO-9000. TQM its Application in Libraries.


Reference Service:
Types of reference service – Ready Reference Service and Long Range Reference
Service. Reference Process. Reference service vis-à-vis Information Service.
Current Awareness Service, SDI and Referral service.
Information Sources. Evaluation of reference sources.
Reference Sources:
Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Almanacs, Y
earbooks, Directories, Handbooks, Manuals,
News-Summaries, Concordances, Biographical, Geographical Information Sources,
Electronic Resources
General, Special, National (INB and BNB), Trade, subject. Preparation of
Bibliographic Control: UBC and UAP.
Abstracting Services: Types and Parts of an Abstract.
Indexing Services: Index, Indexing Serv
ices / Products – Citation Indexes.


Information Technology:
a. Components of IT
b. Hardware – Developments.
c, Software – Operating Systems – Single User, Multi User. Types of Application Software.
d. Client — Server Technology: Different types of Servers.
Communication Technology:
a. Telecommunications. Modem.
b. Switching Systems: Circular, Message and PSS. Gateways, Ethernet, Hub/Switches.
c. Communication Media.
d. Bandwidth, Multiplexing.
e. ISDN.
Electronic Information:
a. Electronic / Digital Information.
b. Digital Collection, Digital Rights Management.
c. Digitization.
d. Software & hardware used for digitization. Image Formats (JPEG, GIF / BMP).
 Audio Formats (MPEG, MP3, WAV). e-documents.
e. Preservation and archiving of e-resources.
Weblogs. Wikis, Wikipedia.
Communication Tools and Techniques:
a. Fax, E-mail, Tele Conferencing, Video Conferencing, Voice Mail. Hyper Text and
Hyper Media. List Serve / Electronic groups.
b. Open Source and Proprietary Software.
c. Digital Standards – Standards, Protocols and Formats. Interoperability.
d. Wireless Communication: Networking, WAP / Wireless Internet, WLL, Cellular
e. Data Communication Concepts – Parallel & Serial; Simplex, Half Duplex and Full Duplex.
Internet Communication.
a. Internet Communication.
b. Features and Developments.
c. Internet Connectivity: Types.
d. Data Security: Virus – Security Methods.


Information Storage and Retrieval (IR) Systems:
Components, IR tools.
Information Analysis, repackaging and consolidation.
Content Creation / Content Development.
Indexing: Principles / general theory of indexing. Content Analysis.
Indexing Languages, Types, Characteristics.
Pre and post-coordinate indexing.
Chain Indexing, PRECIS. Uniterm, Keyword and Citation Indexing.
Computer based indexing systems.
Standards for Bibliographic Description: ISBDs, MARC, CCF and MARC 21.
Metadata: Features of MARC, Dublin Core.
Data Mining, Data Warehousing.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Information Retrieval: Methods – manual and automated. Search processes and
strategies. Boolean Logic. Preparation of query. Search tools – search engines, meta-
search engines. Subject directories, subjec
t guides. Criteria for evaluation of IR
Computerized Information Services: Machine Translation. Computerized Abstracting.
Natural Language Processing.


Research: Basic Concepts — Validity, Reliability, Objectivity, Subjectivity and Variables.
Logic and Intuition.
Basic and applied research, Team Research, Relay Research.
Scientific method. LIS Research in India.
Research Design: Problem identification, formulation.
Hypothesis: Formulation, Types, Verification of Hypothesis.
Methods of Research: Survey, descriptive, co
mparative, historical, experimental, case
study and Delphi technique.
Types of data – Primary and Secondary.
Data Collection Methods: Questionnaire, Interview and Observation.
Secondary data – Historical / recorded.
Sampling methods and techniques:
Probability sample, Simple Random sampling, Systematic, Stratified. Non-probability
sample: Quota, Accidental, Purposive, Incomplete. Cluster and Multi-State sampling.
Sample size.
Methods and Tools of Data Analysis:
Problem measure, reliability, validity, Descr
iptive Statistics – Measures of Central
Tendency : Mean, Median, Mode. Measure of Central distendency : Standard Deviation.
Graphical Presentation of data : Bar diagrams, Pie-chart, Line Graphics, Histograms,
Inferential Statistics, Measure of Association, Co-efficient of Correlation.
Testing of Hypothesis : Chi-square test & T-test.
Writing research report: Contents of report, presentation of findings. Style Sheets,
Citation of Print, Electronic and Internet Resources.


Information Organisation as a System:
Basic concepts, Components, Types, Charac
teristics of an Information System.
Kinds of Information Systems:
Libraries, Documentation Centres, Information Centres, Data Banks, Information
Analysis Centres, Referral Centres, Clearing Houses, Archives, Reprographic and
Translation Centres – their functions and services.
Planning and Design of a National Information System:
NAPLIS (National Policy on Library & Information Systems), NATIS, National
Information Policy (NIP).
Planning Design of National Information System (NATIS).
National Information Systems:
Regional Information Systems:
Global Information Systems:
Information Products and Services:
Types with examples.
Information Products Vs Services.
Information Services – Bibliographic, Document Delivery, Alert.
Information Providers (Vendors): DIALOG, STN, Derwent, UMI, BLDSC, ISI.


Computers: Functions, and how a computer works.
General computer terminology.
Communication : Analog & Digital Signals. Transmission Media.
Types of Computers. Generations of computers.
Data and Information. Data Representation and File Organization
Components of Computers:
Hardware – Input – Output devices. Storage devices, Ports.
Types of software, Program, Algorithm, Flow Charting.
Optical Storage Devices: CD and DVD.
Data Processing – Batch, Online and Time Sharing.
Programming Languages : Machine, Assembly and Higher level.
Algorithm, Programme. Flow Charting
Operating Systems: DOS and Windows.
Application Software: MS-Word, MS-Access.
Networking: Concept and Types.
Internet – Browsing. Browsers. Services, Facilities. WWW, URL.
Computers in Library & Information Centres.
Library Automation: Areas of Automation.
Hardware and Software selection and Implementation.
Barcode Technology.: Types of barcodes : Dumb / Generic barcode and smart barcode
– their application. Code 39.
RFID (Radio Frequency Identification)
Networking: Concept, need and advantages. Basic components of network.
Network Topologies – Star, Ring, Bus, Hierarchical, Tree and Complete. Wireless
Types of Networks – LAN, MAN, WAN.
Networks: General – ERNET, NICNET, INFONET. Library Networks: OCLC,
Internet: Concept, Features, Services.
Search Engines and Meta Search Engines.
Internet: Internet Searching. Web Browsers. Internet Security.
Internet Reference Resources
Evaluation of Internet Information Sources.
Protocols: TCP / IP, OSI. Other Protocols: Telnet, FTP, HTTP, Z39.50.
Hypertext, Hypermedia. Markup Languages – HTML, XML.
Web Content Development / Content Creation for Web.
Web Design. Software – Flash, Macromedia, MS-Frontpage, Dreamweaver.

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