Dr., Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 into a very poor family. He was the fourteenth son to his father. His birth place was a tiny village Ambavade in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra. He was born in Mehar caste which was then known as untouchable. While studying at school Bheemrao happened to know the feelings of the high and the low which was deep rooted in society. Being an untouchable he had to face all the indigrities suffered by the rest of the members of his class. Once his school teacher was impressed by Bheemrao’s brilliance and gave his surname to him and called him Bheemrao Ramji Ambedkar. From then onwards Bheemrao Ambavadekar became Bheemrao Ambedkar. After his higher secondary school education he studied at the Elphinstone college Bombay and obtained B.A. degree. Then ruler of Baroda was highly impressed by his talents helped Ambedkar to travel to America for higher studies. Ambedkàr did his M.A in 1915 and obtained doctorate degree in 1916. He returned to India and secured a top job. Later, he went to London and returned as a Barrister. He set up his practice at the Bombay High Court.
Ambedkar himself used water from tank in Colaba district, which was supposed to be not touched by an untouchable. He propagated the principle that all are equal. In defiance of a prohibition to enter a temple he entered Veereshwar Temple and said that untouchables can enter the temple and as well as drink to water. He attended the 3 round table conferences held in London as a representative of the depressed classes in India. He was the unquestioned leader of the depressed classes. When he wrote the Indian constitution he made special provision for the dovelopment of scheduled caste people.
Dr. Ambedkar was the first Law minister of independent India. People affectionately called him ‘Bhaha Saheb’. He is called the father of Indian Constitution. He became a Buddhist for hittng at the conscience of the orthodox Hindus. Ambedkar passed away on December 6, 1956. The Government of India conferred on him ‘Bharat Ratna’ posthumously in 1990.