Details of Treaty of Versailles
By that time, World War I (28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918) was the most expensive war in the world. This war incurred losses to both the warring countries as well as neutral countries.
William II, emperor of Germany, fled to Holland. Germany evolved as the socialist republic. The newly established government decided to withdraw from the war on 11th November 1918.
Developed nations decided to solve the problems which World War I could not solve.
- Estimated the loss occurred due to World War I.
- Arranged treaties among the countries.
- Formulated a better and lasting plan to prevent the future wars.
- Compensated the allied countries.
Versailles treaty was negotiated between allied nations and Germany. It was the most biggest and important treaty. Versailles treaty consists of 15 modules, 439 articles, and 8000 words. It was written in both English and French. Geographical, colonial, economic, army, and war crimes related restrictions were intricately discussed in the treaty of Versailles.
- Alsace and Lorraine, which were under the control of Germany, were given to France.
- Germany places Mopen, Malmedy, Moresnet were given to Belgium.
- Posen, most parts of Prussia, and upper Silesia, which were under Germany, were given to Poland.
- Germany’s northern parts of Plegwish were given to Denmark.
- Poland emerged as an independent country.
- Germany’s Polish Corridor was handed over to Poland.
- Germany’s Danzig seaport was kept under the custody of League of Nations.
- Germany had to accept Belgium, Poland and Czechoslovakia as independent countries.
- Germany lost its colonies in China, Turkey, Morocco and Bulgaria.
Restrictions related to colonies
- Germany handed over all its colonies to allied nations. England, France, Belgium and Japan occupied those colonies.
- Germany was forced to pay the loss incurred by the allied nations during the war. As Germany was not in a position to pay the amount, allied nations took Germany’s ships.
- Germany’s Saar valley was handed over to France for a period of 15 years.
- All the German rivers were declared as international rivers.
- Allied nations can use Germany’s coal and iron mines.
Allied nations decided to wreck German Military policy as they held the German military policy responsible for outbreak of World War I.
- Compulsory military service system of Germany was banned.
- All the armories in Germany were closed.
- Number of aero planes, fleet, and army was reduced.
- For the security of France, allied nations prohibited Germany from undertaking any military activities in Rhine.
- Helgoland, Germany’s sea port was destroyed.
- Germany was prohibited from possessing submarines.
With all the above restrictions Germany was incapacitated.