History Material for SSC Exams Download
Harihara raya and Bukka raya were the founder of Vijayanagara Empire. 1336.
Devaraya –II wrote ‘Mahanataka Sudhanidhi’
Srikrishna Devaraya – 1509-1529.
AshtaDhiggajas were patronized by Srikrishna Devaraya.
SKD wrote Amuktha Malyada.
Bhuvana Vijayam was the building where Srikrishnadevaraya held literary discussions.
Vinukonda Vallabharaya wrote Kreedaabhiraamam.
Battle of Tallikota – 1565.
Shankara Acharya – Adwaitha (Aham Brahmosmi. Oneness of Supreme Soul and human being)
Ramanujacharya – Dwaitha –(Supreme Soul is different from ordinary human beings).
Madwacharya – Dwaitha Adwaitha.
Vallabhacharya – Shuddhadwaitha (Pure Dualism).
Ramananda –Disciple of Ramanuja. Ramananda preached in Hindi.
Chaithanya preached in Bengali.
Kabir – Nirguna Bhakthi.
Mirabai and Chaithanya worshipped Lord Krishna.
Namadeva – Maharashtra.
Nanak – Punjab. Later his preaching led to the emergence of Sikhism. Sikhism.
Mughal Empire 1526-1857
Babur – Humayun – Akbar – Jahangir – Shahjahan – Aurangazeb
Babur – Founder of Mughal Empire.
1st Barrle od Panipar – Babur X Ibrahim Lodi.
Humayun – Father of Akbar.
Shermandal – Library of Humayun.
Akbar – 1556-1605
2nd Battle of Panipat – Akbar X Hemu (Hema Chandra Vikramadithya).
Banned pilgrimage tax, Jijya Tax.
Friendly and matrimonial relations with Hindu rulers.
Ibadath Khana – Prayer hall where Akbar held religious discussions.
Dīn-i Ilāhī , new religion started by Akbar based on the principle ‘Sul-i-kul’.
Raja Birbal, (Mahesh Das) – Followed Din-i-Illahi.
Bairam Khan – Guardian of Akbar.
Raja Todarmal – Finance minister of Akbar.
Bandobasth system – Akbar’s land revenue system.
Son of Akbar.
Jahangir installed bell of justice outside his palace.
Jahangir killed Sikh Guru Arjun for helping Khusru to revolt against Jahangir.
Shahjahan 1628 to 1658
Son of Jahangir.
Build Tajmahal, Diwan-i-Khas, Red Fort.
Titles – Zinda Pir, Alamgir.
Pious but very intolerant.
Babur developed several gardens around Delhi.
Akbar built – Fatehpur Sikri. Buland Darwaja.
Painting reached its zenith during the reign of Jahangir.
Tuzuk-i-babari – Autobiography of Babur.
Humayun nama – Gulbadan Begum.
Akbar Nama – Abul Fazl
Ain-i-Akbari – Abul Fazl
Tuzuk-e-Jahangiri – Autobiography.
Mutaqab-ut-tawariq – Badauni.
Tawariq-i-alfi – Mulla Daud.
Padshah nama – Abdul Hamid Lahori.
Safinat ul Auliya – Dharashikov
Mazm ul Bahrain – Dharashikov.
Alamgirnamah – Mirza Muhammad Kazim
Fatwah-i-Alamgiri – Aurangazeb.
Rytwari system was introduced by Shershah.
SHIVAJI – 19th February, 1630 – 3rd April, 1680
Shivaji’s first military expedition – In 1645, at the age of 16, on Torna Fort of the Bijapur kingdom.
Shivaji’s capital – Raigad.
1647 – Defeated Adilshahi General Afzal Khan.
1663 – Defeated Shaistha Khan, Mughal Governor.
Shivaji’s guru – Ramdas.
Raja Jaisingh defeated Shivaji in 1666.
1674 – Coronation.
1617 – British East India Company was established. Jahangir was the Mughal Emperor at that time.
1757 – Robert Clive was appointed as the 1st Governor General of Bengal.
1st Carnatic War – @ Nagapattanam. 1746 -1748. Britishers won the war.
2nd Carnatic War – 1749 – 1954. Nasarjung (France) X Muzzaffar Jung (British.). Ended with treaty of Pandichery. Muzaffar Jung won the war. He was made Nizam. Dupleix was replaced.
3rd Carnatic War – @ Wandiwash. Count de lolly X Eyre Coote.
1757 – Battle of Plassey. Sirajuddaula (French) X Robert Clive. This battle paved way for British mastery over Bengal. Britishers were strengthened.
Battle of Buxar –
1765 Treaty of Allahabad – Signed between Mughal Emperor Shah Alam-II and Robert Clive. Mughal Emperor granted Diwani rights to East India Company.
1784 – Pitt’s Act. – British Government supreme control over company.
1856 – Doctrine of lapse. – Dalhousie.
1857 – Sepoy mutiny.
1815 – Atmiya Sabha – Rajaram Mohan Roy.
1828 – Brahmo Samaj – Rajaram Mohan Roy.
1839 – Eshvarachandra Vidyasagar. Child Marriages. Women education.
1866 Dadabai nauroji – East India Association. – London.
1873 – Jyothiba Phule – Satya Shodak Samaj. (Society of truth seekers)
1875 – Dayananda Saraswathi – Arya Samaj. “Go back to Vedas”.
1885 – Bombay Presidency Association. Ferozhsha Mehta, Badruddin Tyabji. K.T. Telanga.
1897 – Swami Vivekananda – Ramakrishna Mission.
28 December 1885 – Indian National Congress. Allan Octavian Hume. 72 delegates. W.C. Banerjee. Bombay.
1st President – Womesh Chandra bannerjee. Bombay. 1885
2nd President – Dadabai Nauroji. Calcatta.1886.
3rd President – Badruddin Tyabji. – Madras. 1887.(1st Session in South India.)
1th Muslim President – Badruddin Tyabji. Madras. 1887.
1st English President – George Yule. Allahabad. 1888. (4th Session)
1st Women President – Anniebesant. 1917.
1st Indian Woman President –Sarojini Naidu.
2nd Indian Woman President – Nillie Sen Guptha.
Surat split – 1907 Session.
Youngest President – Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
Vandemataram – National song was first sung in 1896 Calcutta session.
Janaganamana – National Anthem was first sung in 1911 Calcutta session.
1924 Belgaon session – Presided over by MK Gandi.
1929 – Lahore session was presided over by Jawaharlal Nehru. In this session India was declared independent by INC leaders and they have decided to celebrate independenceday every year on January 26.
JB Kriplani – INC president at the time of independence.
1938 Haripura congress session- Subhash Chandra Bose.
1939 – Tripuri congress session – Subhash Chandra Bose.
Partition of Bengal – 1905 by Lord Curzon. This stirred the national fervor in Indian.
Partition of Bengal was revoked in 1911 by Lord Hardinge.
All India Muslim League – 1906 by Aga Khan.
1913 – Gadar Party by Lala Haradayal.
1915 – 1st Session of Hindu Maha Sabha. Maharaja of Khasim Bazar.
* Champaran Satyagraha / Indigo Satyagraha – 1917 For the rights of Bihar indigo farmers’ rights.
* Kheda Satyagraha – 1917-1918 – Ahmadabad mill workers’ rights.
1909 – Minto – Morley India Councils Act.
1919 – Mantague Chelmsford – Government of India Act.
1919 – Rowlatt Act. Imprison of people without trial.
13 April 1919 – Jallianwala Bagh Massacre by General Dyer.
1920- August 31 – Non Co-operation Movement. 1922 Chauri Chaura incident. Non co-operation movement was called off.
1925 – Communist Party.
1927 November – Simon Commission.
1930 January 26 – Fixed as independence Day.
1930 March 12 – Dandi March. 78 companies. 375 Kilometers.
1932 August 24 – Poonapact between MK Gandhi – B.R. Ambedkar.
1935 – Govt. of India Act. – Dual Government.
1942 August 8 – Quit India Movement.
1946 Sept 2 – Interim Government.
1946 December 09 – Constituent Assembly.
According to Mount Batten plan – Power would be handed over to India on 15 August 1947.
|Bengal Gazett (1780)||James Augustus Hicky|
|Kesari and Maratha||Tilak|
|Amritha Bazar Patrika||Sisirkumar Gosh|
|New India | Common Weal||Anniebesant|
|Rast Goftar||Dadabai Nauroji|
|Samvad Kaumudi | Mirat ul Akbar||Rajarammohan Roy|
|Young India | Harijan||MK Gandhi.|
|Mook Nayak||Dr. B.R. Ambedkar|
|Bombay Chronicle||Feroz Shah Mehta|
|Do or Die – MK Gandhi.
Chalo Delhi – Subhash Chandra Bose.
Delhi Chalo – MK Gandhi.
“Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it” – Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
Inquilab Zindabad (Long Live the Revolution) – Bhagath
Jai Hind – Subhash Chandra Bose.