Indian History in English for Gurukula TET DSC Exams

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Indian History in English for Gurukula TET DSC and other Exams

Indian History notes from school books

Emergence of Kingdoms and Republics

  1. The vast plain land in North India – Ganga Sind Plain.
  2. Important archaeological sites of Mahajanapada (Great Territorial Kingdoms) Period are…
a.    Delhi.                         b. Athranjikera          c. Kaushambi (Near Allahabad)

d. Patna               e. Ayodhya (Awad / Audh)             f. Rajgir

  1. Important books written during Mahajanapadas –
·         Upanishads. Dharmasuthras,

·         Dighanikaya, Majjimanikaya,

·         History by Herodotus, the father of India.

·         Writing of Strabo.

Shodaja mahajanapadas

Get the full details of 16 Mahaajanapadas HERE

  1. The only Mahajanapada flourished in South India was – Assaka. The capital of Asmaka Mahaajanapada was Kotilingaala, Kareemnagar District.
  2. Gahapathi / Gruhapathi – The farmer who has own land. (During Mahajanapada period.)
  3. Barthuka – The servant who works in agriculture fields and at home. . (During Mahajanapada period.)
  4. Baaga – The tax paid by Gahapathi to the king.
  5. The Mahajanapada which flourished on the both sides of river Ganga was Magadha.
  6. The mines located at the southern part of Magadha – Iron ore mines.
  7. During whos reign Magadha expanded towards Orissa? – Mahapadma Nanda.
  8. Who is the son of Bimbisara? Ans: Ajathashathru.
  9. The republican kingdom located to the north of Magadha was – Vajji.

First Empires

Mauryan Dynasty – Rulers.

  1. Chandraguptha Maurya – Founder of Mauryan dynasty. Chandraguptha Maurya over threw Dana Nanda to establish Mauryan Empire.
  2. Bindhusara – Son of Chandra Guptha Maurya.
  3. Ashoka – Son of Bindhusara.
  4.  Expansion of Mauryan Empire –* North – Taxila                                      * South – Karnataka*  West – Afghanistan boarder.              * East – Bengal

Mauryan Empire map

Important cities in Mauryan Empire.

a.    Taxila

b.    Ujjaini

c.    Pataliputra

d.    Kalinga

e.    Vaishali

f.     Suvarnagiri

 

 

5.  Chandraguptha Maurya is the first emperor in Indian sub continent.

6. Important sources for Maurya’s history are

  • Arthashashtra by Kautilya                                 * Indica by Megasthanese.

7. Chandraguptha Maurya’s minister – Kautilya.

8. Arthashastra is about – State craft (Administration).

9. The important city, which was a part of Mauryan empire, now which is not a part of India is – Taxila.

10. The city which was under the direct control of Mauryan Emperors – Pataliputra.

11. Only Magadhan city which was located in south India – Suvarnagiri.

12. Gold mines during Mauryan period were located in – Suvarnagiri.

13. The Mauryan city where foreign goods were available – Taxila.

14. 1st Indian Empire to communicated with people through inscriptions – Mauryan Empire.

15. 1st Indian king to get inscribed the inscriptions – Ashoka.

16. Most of the Ashokan inscriptions are in Brahmi script and Prakrit

17. Ancient name of Odisha – Kalinga.

18. Only king in the history to renounce war after victory – Ashoka.

19. The king who won battle of Kalinga – Ashoka.

20. How many people were died in battle of Kalinga – More than 1 lakh people.

21. How many people were died in battle of Kalinga – More than 1 lakh people.
22. How many years after coronation, Ashoka invaded on Kalinga – 8 years(261 B.C.)
23. ‘Damma’ is a Prakrit language word.
24. Sankrit quivalent word to the Prakrit word Dhamma is – Dharma.
25. Whose preachings inspired Ashoka – Gouthama Buddha.
26. The Government officers appointed by Ashoka for the expansion of Dhamma – Dhamma mahamathras.
27. To which foreign countries Ashoka sent Dhamma mahaamathras to spread Dhamma. –
Egypt Syria 3. Greece 4. Srilanka.
28. 1st king to establish veterinary hospitals – Ashoka.
29. The kingdom rose in Deccan on the ruins of Mauryan Empire – Satavahana Kingdom.
30. Satavahana kingdom stretched from river Narmada to Krishna Godavari delta.
31. Great Kings in Satavahana Kingdom –

* Gouthamiputhra Satakarni                      * Vashisthtaputhra Satakarni

* Yagnasri Satakarni.

  1. Founder of Saatavaahana dynasty – Srimukha / Simukha.
  2. The Telangaana places where Bhuddist – Sthupas, Vihaaraas and Chaithyas were found – Phanigiri, Nelakondapalli, Kondaapur, Dhoolikatta, Pedda Bankoor, Keesaragutta.
Myakadhauni Inscription
Myakadhauni is a name of a place. A saatavaahana inscription is named after Mayakadhauni as it is found in Myakadhauni.

·         Myakadhauni inscription is issued by – Satavaahanas.

·         Myakadhauni inscription is about – Sri Pulomavi.

·         Mayakadhauni is place located in Bellari District, Karnataka.

  1. The kingdom established on the ruins of Satavaahana Kingdom – Ekshvaku.
  2. Capital of Ekshvakus kings – Vijayapuri, Near Nagarjuna Sagar.
  3. Important ruler in Ekshvaku dynasty – Kshanthamoola, Veerapurusha datta.
  4. Ekshvakus claimed that they belong to Lord Rama’s blood line.
  5. Ekshvakus build a large Sthupa and Aaaraama in Nagarjuna konda.
  6. Greatest king in Kushana dynasty – Kanishka.
  7. Kanishka ascended the throne in the year – 78 A.D.
  8. Kushanas came to India from Aghanisthan.
  9. Shaka era was started in the year 78 A.D.
  10. How many years Shaka ear is left behind Christ era ? 78 Years.
  11. Kushana kingdom stretched from the boarder of Aghanistan and Pakistan to Madhura and Allahabad.
  12. Gupthas ruled from 320 A.D. to 550 A.D.
  13. Guptha’s empire stretched from

North – Delhi                        South – Madhyapradesh

East – Bihar              West – Gujarath

  1. Important kings in Guptha’s empire –
    1. Chandraguptha – 1 Chandraguptha -2
    2. Skandaguptha Samudhraguptha\
    3. Kumaraguptha
  1. Puranas were written during – Guptha’s period.
  2. The religions patronized by Gupthas are – Vaishnava and Shaiva religions.
  3. Gupthas constructed temple to Vishun, Shiva and Durgamatha.
  4. The temples constructed by Gupthas are –
    1. Deogarh and Udayagiri in Madhyapradesh.
    2. Bitargaon and Eran in Uttarpradesh.
  5. Who erected Mehrauli Iron Pillar inscription in Delhi – Chandraguptha II.
  6. Satavahans ruled for 200 years. (from 271 BCE to 30 BCE.)
  7. Satavahanas traded with Romans.
  8. Satavahanas constructed Aaraamas and Viharas at Amaravathi, Bhattiprolu and Vadlamaanu.
  9. Only Mahaajanapada located in South India was Assaka / Asmaka.
  10. Capital of Asmaka was Kotilingaala, Kareemnagar District.
  11. 1st capital of Satavaahanas – Kotilingaala.
  12. The place where Satavaahanas and Ekshwakus’ coins were found – Kotilingaala.
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