Indian History Notes based on Government school books

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Indian History Notes based on Government school books

Culture and Communication

Language, Writing and Great Books

  1. Swahili – is an African language.
  2. The languages part of Dravidian language family – Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam, Kannad, Gond.
  3. The languages part of Indo-Aryan language family – Sankrit, Hindi, Bengali, Marati.
  4. Which languages words became a part of Telugu – Sankrit, Marati, Arab, Parsi.
  5. ABIDES means – Roman Script.
  6. Script of Hindi language – Devanagari.
  7. Indus Valley peoples’ script –
  8. The source script for Devanagari, Telugu, Tamil – Brahmi script.
  9. Brahmi script is the main source for Indian languages scripts.
  10. Mukhathah mean – Word of mouth.
  11. Origin of the world is mentioned in – Naasadeeya Sooktham of Rg Veda.
  12. What are the two ithihaasas – 1. Raamaayana Mahabhaaratha.

Ancient stories, sciences were transformed from one person to another person in oral tradition. They were not written down.

  1. Raamaayana and Mahaabhaarath were broght into book form – 1600 Years ago.
  2. Jaathaka stories were written down between 1600 A.D. – 1800 A.D.
  3. Sangam literature was developed by Somany sages, poets and poetesses.
Book Author Importance.
Raamaayana Vaalmmeeki Known as Aadi Kaavya.

Written in Sanskrit.

Mahaabhaaratha Veda Vyaasa
Mahaabhaashya Pathanjali Commentary to Panini Ashtaadhyaayi.
Jaathaka Stories About Buddha’s previous incarnations.
Charaka Samhitha Charaka Book about Medicine.
Shushrutha Samhitha Shushrutha Explains about Surgery.
Aryabhatteeyam Aryabhatta
Ashtaadhyayi Paanini Sanskrit Grammar Book
Mahaabhaashya Pathanjali Commetary to Ashtaadhyayi.
Buddha Charithra Ashvaghosha 1st Sanskrit Kavya / Poetic story.

పధ్యకావ్యం

Amarakosham Amarasimha Written in Sanskrit.

Amarasimha – Court poet of Chandraguptha -2.

Swapna vaasavadhatta Bhasa Bhaasa wrote 13 Dramas based on the stories of Raamaayana and Mahaabhaaratha.
Abhignaana Shaakunthalam Kaalidaasu Drama
Mruchakatikam Shudraka

Sculptures and Buildings

  1. In Indian sub continent where the buildings with 7000 to 8000 years of ancestry were found – Baluchisthan.
  2. Earliest cities in India were build 5000 years ago.
  3. The places where earliest cities were constructed – Baluchisthan, Sindh, Punjab, Gujarath.
  4. Famous cities in bronze age – Harappa, Mohenjodharo, Kalibangan, Lothal.
  5. Another name for Harappan civilization – Sind Civilisation / Indus Valley civilization.
  6. Indus Valley civilization is an Urban Civilisation.
  7. Only civilization in the Indian subcontinent with underground drainage facility – Indus vallery civilization.
  8. Ship making industry was found at – Lothal.
  9. Measurements of Lothal ship making industry – East to West – 37 meters.

North to South – 22 Meters.

(It is not a ship making industry. It is an artificial dock yard.)

  1. The metal not known to Harappa people – Iron.
  2. Great Bath was found at – Mohenjodharo.
  3. The measurements of great bath found at Mohenjodharo – Width – 11.8 meters.                                                                                     Length – 7 meters.
  4. Capitols means – Royal symbols.
  5. Rampurva capitol – Bull capitol.
  6. Saranath – Lion capitol
  7. Sanchi pillar is located in Madhyapradesh.
  8. Where in Andhra a crystal box with Buddha’s relics is found? – Bhattiprolu.
  9. Amaravathi sthupa in Guntur was constructed 1900 years ago during the reign of Satavaahanas.
  10. Which dam submerged Vijayapuri, the capital of Ekshvaku kings? – Nagarjuna Sagar.
  11. Vihaaras – resting places of Buddhist monks.
  12. Where the cave viharas of Buddhist monks were found? – Nasik and Karle.
  13. The Buddhist viharas which grew as universities?  –Taxila, Nagarjunakonda, Nalanda.
  1. Fa-hi-an, Itsing and Hu- en-Tsang are the Chinese travelers visited India to see the places where Buddha lived.
  2. Hu- en-Tsang was a student at Nalanda University.
  3. Nalanda University is located in present day – Bihar.

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