Nehru at the age of fifteen
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime minister of India and a great Indian leader. He served the country for nearly 18 years as Prime Minister. He is also known as the architect of modern India and an apostle of world peace. He was a statesman and an eminent author. His monnumental work ‘The discoverry of India’ is a milestone in Indian literature. He was the father of minister Indira Gandhi and grand father of another Prime minister Rajeev Gandhi. Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889 in Allahabad. His birthday is being celebated as children’s day throughout India as he was fond of children in his life time. His father was Motilal Nehru, an eminent lawyer. His mother was Swarooprani. He was educated in England. He returned to India as a barrister in 1912. In 1916 he married Kamala of Kaur family. At that time, Gandhiji had returned from South Africa after his success in emancipating Indian settlers from the hands of British. Nehru met Mohandas Gandhi and was influenced. He understood the country’s plight in the hands of foreign rulers. He joined the Indian independence movement in 1919. Th same year he gave birth to his daughter Indira Priyadarshini. He became an active part of Indian National Congress founded by A.O. Hume in 1885. In 1929 he was made the president of Indian National Congress. He had to spent much of his time in prison as he took part in civil disobedience campaign launched by Mahatma Gandhi. He was responsible for tthe victory of Congress in 1937 election of provincial assemblies.
Gandhiji loved Nehru as his son and Nehru respected Mahatma as his father. When Gandhiji, in 1942 launched Quit India movement Nehru also participated and was put in jail. India achieved independence on 15th August 1947. Nehru was chosen to be the first Prime Minister. His speech ‘Tryst with destiny’ delivered by him on the eve of independence is memorable. He laid strong foundation of the economic and industrial progress of the country. He was an eloquent speaker. He pursued non-alignment in international sphere. This movement was founded by Nehru together with col. Nasser of Egypt and Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia in 1961.
Nehru was a lover of literature and music. He established Kendra Sahitya Academy and National Book Trust in Delhi to encourage authors. He called the irrigation dams as temples of India. He gave fullest support to five year plans to see his country a prosperous one. He gave his men the doctrine of Panchasheela’. While he assumed his charge as Prime minister of India he was the minister for foreign affairs also. In 1948 he seized the princely state of Hyderabad and went to war with Pakistan over Kashmir issue. In 1959 he dissolved the communist government of Kerala state. In 1961 he seized Goa from the Portugese and in 1962 he faced Chinese aggression across the northern border.
Nehru was a world statesman. He passed away on 27th May 1964. His most famous books are ‘The discovery of India’ ‘Glimpses of world history.’
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru great Indian leader
Nehru at the age of fifteen