Showing posts with label geography. Show all posts
Showing posts with label geography. Show all posts

Wednesday, June 29, 2022

National Parks in India National Parks in India

NATIONAL PARKs in India NATIONAL PARKs in India   State Name of NATIONAL PARK Year Established  

Andaman & Nicobar Cambell Bay NATIONAL PARK 1992 Galathea NATIONAL PARK 1992, Mahatma Gandhi Marine NATIONAL PARK (Previously: Wandur NATIONAL PARK) 1983 Middle Button Island NATIONAL PARK 1987 Rani Janshi Marine NATIONAL PARK 1996 Mount Harriet NATIONAL PARK 1987 Saddle Peak NATIONAL PARK 1987 South Button Island NATIONAL PARK 1987  

Andhra Pradesh Kasu Brahmmananda Reddy - NATIONAL PARK 1194 Magavir Harinaa Vanastali NATIONAL PARK 1994 Murugavani NATIONAL PARK 1994 Sri Venkateshwara NATIONAL PARK 1989  

Arunachala Pradesh Mouling NATIONAL PARK 1986 Namdapha NATIONAL PARK 1983  

Assamm Dibru-Saikhowaa NATIONAL PARK 1999 Kaziranga NATIONAL PARK 1974 Manas NATIONAL PARK 1990 Nameri NATIONAL PARK 1998 Orang NATIONAL PARK 1999 Bihar Valmiki NATIONAL PARK 1989 Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary 1987 Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary 2009  

Chhattisgarh Indravati NATIONAL PARK 1981 Kanger Ghati NATIONAL PARK (Kanger Valley) 1982 Sanjay NATIONAL PARK 1981 Goa Mollem NATIONAL PARK 1978  

Gujarat Vansda NATIONAL PARK 1979 Black Buck NATIONAL PARK, Velavandar 1976 Gir NATIONAL PARK 1965 Gulf of Kachchh Marine NATIONAL PARK 1980 Haryana Kalesar NATIONAL PARK 2003 SultaNATIONAL PARKu NATIONAL PARK 1989  

Himachal Pradesh Great Himalayan NATIONAL PARK 1984 Pin Valley NATIONAL PARK 1987  

Jammu & Kashmir Dachigam NATIONAL PARK 1981 Hemis NATIONAL PARK 1981 Kishtwar NATIONAL PARK 1981 Salim Ali NATIONAL PARK 1992 Jharkhand Betla NATIONAL PARK 1986 Hazaribag NATIONAL PARK 1954 Dimna NATIONAL PARK 1975 

 Karnataka Anshi NATIONAL PARK 1987 Bandipur NATIONAL PARK 1974 Bannerghatta NATIONAL PARK 1974 Kudremukh NATIONAL PARK 1987 Rajiv Gandhi NATIONAL PARK (previous:Nagarhole NATIONAL PARK) 1988  

Kerala Eravikulam NATIONAL PARK 1978 Mathiketta Shola NATIONAL PARK 2003 Periyar NATIONAL PARK 1982 Silent Valley NATIONAL PARK 1984  

Madhya Pradesh Bandhavagarh NATIONAL PARK 1982 Fossil NATIONAL PARK 1983 Kanha NATIONAL PARK 1955 Madhav NATIONAL PARK 1959 Panna NATIONAL PARK 1973 Pench NATIONAL PARK 1975 Sanjay NATIONAL PARK 1981 Satpura NATIONAL PARK 1981 Van Vihar NATIONAL PARK 1979  

Maharashtra Chandoli NATIONAL PARK 2004 Gugamal NATIONAL PARK 1987 Navegaon NATIONAL PARK 1975 Pench NATIONAL PARK 1975 Sanjay Gandhi NATIONAL PARK 1983 Tadoba NATIONAL PARK 1955 Manipur Keibul amjjao NATIONAL PARK 1977 Sirohi NATIONAL PARK 1982  

Meghalaya Balphakram NATIONAL PARK 1986 Nokrek NATIONAL PARK 1986 Mizoram Murien NATIONAL PARK 1991 Phawngpui Blue Mountain NATIONAL PARK 1997  

Nagaland Ntangki NATIONAL PARK 1993  

Odisha Bhitarkanika NATIONAL PARK 1988 Nandan kanan NATIONAL PARK 1976 Simlipal NATIONAL PARK 1980  

Punjab Harike Wetland 1987  

Rajasthan Darrah NATIONAL PARK 2004 Desert NATIONAL PARK 1980 Keoladeo NATIONAL PARK 1981 Mount Abu Wildlife sanctuary 1960 Ranthambore NATIONAL PARK 1980 Sariska NATIONAL PARK 1982  

Sikkim Khangchedzonga NATIONAL PARK 1977  

Tamil Nadu Guindy NATIONAL PARK 1976 Gulf of Mannar Marine NATIONAL PARK 1980 Indhira Gandhi NATIONAL PARK (previous:Annamalai NATIONAL PARK) 1989 Mudumalai NATIONAL PARK 1990 Tamil Nadu Mukurthi NATIONAL PARK 1990 Palani Hils NATIONAL PARK  

Proposed Uttar Pradesh Dudhwa NATIONAL PARK 1977  

Uttarakhand Corbett NATIONAL PARK 1936, Gangotri NATIONAL PARK 1989, Govind Pashu Vihar 1990, Nanda Devi NATIONAL PARK 1982, Rajaji NATIONAL PARK 1983, Valley of Flowers 1982  

West-Bengal Buxaa Tiger Reserves 1992 Gorumara NATIONAL PARK 1994 Neora Valley 1986 Singalila NATIONAL PARK 1992 Sundarbans NATIONAL PARK 1984   


Indian Tribes

Indian Tribes

*    Abros – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam
*    Adi, Apatami – Arunachala Pradesh
*    Angami, Ao – Nagaland
*    Badagas – Tamil Nadu
*    Baiga – Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan &  Gujarat
*    Bhils – Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat & Rajasthan
*    Bhotias – Uttra Pradesh
*    Bhutias – Sikkim
*    Birhor – Bihar
*    Bodos – Assam
*    Chenchus – Andhra Pradesh, Odisha
*    Chutia – Assam
*    Dangs – Gujarat
*    Gaddis – Himachal Pradesh
*    Garos – Meghalaya
*    Gonds – Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar &  Andhra Pradesh
*    Great Andamanese – Andaman Island
*    Irulas – Tamil Nadu
*    Jaintias – Meghalaya
*    Jarawas - Little Andamans
*    Kanis – Kerala
*    Kacharis, Karbi – Assam
*    Khampti – Arunachal Pradesh
*    Khasis – Meghalaya, Assam
*    Khonds – Odisha
*    Kol – Madhya Pradesh
*    Kotas – Tamil Nadu
*    Kuki – Manipur
*    Lepchas or Rongpa – Sikkim
*    Lushais – Tripura
*    Meiteis – Manipur, Nagaland
*    Mina – Rajasthan
*    Miri – Arunachal Pradesh
*    Mishing – Assam
*    Murias – Madhya Pradesh
*    Mikirs – Assam
*    Mundas – Bihar
*    Oarons – Bihar, odisha
*    Onges – Little Andamans
*    Rabhas – Assam
*    Rengma – Nagaland
*    Santhals – West Bengal, Bihar
*    Sema - Nagaland
*    Sentinelesse – Andaman & Nicobar Island
*    Shompens – Great Nicobar Island
*    Tagin – Arunachal Pradesh
*    Todas – Tamil Nadu
*    Uralis – Kerala
*    Zeliang - Nagaland

notes on important indian rivers

notes on important indian rivers


The rivers of India are classified into 4 Categories: 1. The Himalayan River System: 2. The Deccan River System: 3. Coastal River System: 4. The Rivers of the Inland drainage basin: ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

 1. The Himalayan River System: These are perennial in nature, snow-fed rivers. During the rainy season they are generally flooded and carry 70 of the total discharge of river water into the sea. The three great Himalayan river systems are mentioned below. The Himalayan River System Name Source Length Enters into Indus River System Mountain Kailash in Tibet (near Mansarovar Lake) 2900km Arabian Sea Sutlej Mansarover Rakas Lakes 1050km Chenab Beas Near Rohtang Pass 470km Sutlej Ravi Near Rohtang Pass 720km Chenab Chenab Near Lahol Spiti District of H.P 960km Indus Jhelum Verinag in Kashmir 725km Chenab Ganges River System Gangotri Glacier in the Himalayas 2510km Bay of Bengal Yamuna Yamnotri 1375km Ganga Gomti Gomat Taal (Fulhar Jheel) near Pilibhit 900km Ganga Ghagra Matsatung Glacier 1080km Ganga Betwa Vidhyanchal 480km Yamuna Ken Ahirgawan (Kaimur Range) Jabalpur District 427km Yamuna Son Amarkantak 780km Ganga Kosi Near Gosain Dham Park 730km Ganga Chambal Chambal region in Madhya Pradesh 1050km Yamuna Brahmaputra River system Originates in the Mansarovar Lake in Western Tibet and flows south-west of Tibet as Yarlung Tsangpo River, enters India in Arunachal Pradhesh in rapid descent (where it is called Siang)and slows down in plains of Assam Valley (where it is called Dihang) and is joined by Dibang river and later by Lohit river and thereon gets the name' Brahmaputra'. The principal tributaries of Brahmaputra in India are the Dhansiri, Puthimari, Subansiri, Jia Bhareli, , Pagladiya and the Manas. 2900km (A Chinese research has confirmed its origination from Angsi Glacier and length 3848km. But it did not notified by Indian authorities) Bay of Bengal (Flows southward through Bangladesh into the Ganges Delta and merges with the Padma river, the main distributaries of the Ganges, then the Meghna on the way to Bay of Bengal) The holy Ganges is the longest river in the country. The 2900 km Brahmaputra is longer than the Ganges but only one-third of the river passes through India. 

2. The Deccan River System: These are seasonal rivers as their flow mainly depends on rainfall. They carry about 30 of total discharge of Indian rivers. The list of important rivers of peninsular India are given in the table below. Godavari River is the largest river system in peninsular India. The Kaveri system is the southernmost in the country. 

3. Coastal River System: These are numerous, comparatively smaller, coastal rivers. There are more than 600 such rivers on the west coast and only a few of such rivers drain into sea near the delta on the east coast. 

4. The Rivers of the Inland drainage basin: These are small rivers in sandy areas of Rajasthan, called rivers of inland drainage basins, with no outlet in sea, except Luni which drains into the Rann of Kutch. Other such important rivers are: Machchu, Rupen, Saraswati, Banas, Ghaggar, etc. Name Source Length Enters into Godavari Western Ghats 1450km Bay of Bengal Krishna Western Ghats 1290km Bay of Bengal Kaveri (Cauvery) Western Ghats 760km Bay of Bengal Pennar Western Ghats 560km Bay of Bengal Mahanadi North-west of the Deccan Plateau 890km Bay of Bengal Damodar North-west of the Deccan Plateau 592km Bay of Bengal Narmada Northernmost portion of the Deccan Plateau 1290km Arabian Sea Tapti Northernmost portion of the Deccan Plateau 724km Arabian Sea Sharawathy Western Ghats 124km Arabian Sea Netravati Western Ghats Arabian Sea Bharatapuzha Western Ghats 250km Arabian Sea Periyar Western Ghats 300km Arabian Sea Pamba Western Ghats 176km Arabian Sea Tungabhadra Western Ghats Krishna Sabarmathi Aravallies Gulf of Khambat