Indian Dance forms Important Points Indian Dance forms Important Points
Bharatanatyam A solo dance, originating from temples of South India, it is based on Natya Shastra, written by Bharat Muni in around 4000BC. It is highly traditional dance from comprising items such as padam, alarippu, thillana, varnam, etc.
Odissi It is a dance from which originated in Orissa during second century BC. It is also based on the priciples of Natya Shastra
Chakyarkoothu It is a highly orthodox dance form believed to have been introduced to Kerala by the earlier Aryan innnigrants. It is performed by the members of Chakyar caste inside the temples and is only witnessed by the Hindus of higher castes.
Manipuri Manipuri is a dance form popular in the north-east. It is a highly lyrical and ritualistic dance but lacks dramatic facial and gestural expressions.
Kuchipudi Kuchipudi is a solo dance popular in Andhra Pradesh. It is also based on the principles of Natya Shastra. Traditionally it was performed by men attired like women. Kathak It is a popular dance of North India which originated in temples in the form of Radha and Krishna lilas. With the advent of muslim rule, it came out ofthe temples to Mughal courts. Lucknow, Jaipur and Varanasi became its centres.
Kathakali It is a popular dance from Kerala, it is more dramatic than narrative in form. Kathakali is considered to be the scientific dance form. The body gestures, eye/eyeball movements and hand movement comprise its language.
Mohiniattam It is a solo dance form from Kerala. It is also the heir to Devdasi dance heritage similar to Bharatanatyam, Odissi and Kuchipudi.
Ottamthullal Also known as poor man’s Kathakali, it is a solo dance which originated in Kerala. Table 5.4 Other Popular Dances Popular Folk Dances of India and States
|Bhangra||Punjab and Hryana|
|Chakri||Jammu and Kashmir|
|Chiraw (Bamboo dance)||Mizoram|
|Gidda||Punjab and Haryana|
|Kayanga Bakayanga||Himachal Pradesh|
|Luddi Dance||Himachal Pradesh|
|Roof||Jammu & Kashmir|
|Veeti Bhagavatam||Andhra Pradesh|